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Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) can be defined as emotional, behavioral, and physical symptoms that occur in the premenstrual (luteal) phase of the menstrual cycle, which are relieved by the start of menses. Studies have suggested that as many as 80% of women experience mild to moderate premenstrual symptoms, and approximately 3-8% experience severe symptoms.

PMS can begin at any time during the reproductive years and symptoms resolve with menopause (although symptoms may worsen initially in the perimenopausal interval).

Although there seems to be a strong association with depression, the cause of PMS is not known.

PMS occurs only with cycles in which an egg is released awaiting fertilization (ovulatory cycle).
Therefore, the target of some therapies is the inhibition of ovulation.

Because PMS is not a disease, the goal of therapy is the alleviation of symptoms rather than finding a cure. Treatments need to be individualized for each woman based on her symptoms.

Often, lifestyle measures such as dietary modification and moderate aerobic exercise (at least three times per week) are all that are required to completely control premenstrual symptoms. Medications or nutritional supplements are commonly used. Surgery is considered a last-resort and is rarely performed for PMS alone.

Medifocus: Trusted Medical Information...When You Really Need to Know

The Medifocus Guide on Premenstrual Syndrome provides answers to the following important questions and medical issues:

What Your Doctor Reads:

This MediFocus Guide contains an extensive listing of citations and abstracts of recent journal articles that have been published about this condition in trustworthy medical journals. This is the same type of information that is available to physicians and other health care professionals. A partial selection of journal articles that are abstracted in this MediFocus Guide includes: understands that consumers who are facing serious medical issues need access to credible, up-to-date medical information to help them make informed health-care decisions. That's why we've developed the MediFocus Guides...the most advanced and trustworthy patient research guides for over 200 chronic and life-threatening conditions. Each MediFocus Guide includes a detailed overview of the condition including information about diagnosis, treatment options, cutting-edge research, and new developments; excerpts of important journal articles from the current medical literature focusing on standard treatments and treatment options; a directory of leading authors and medical institutions who specialize in the treatment of the condition; and a listing of organizations and support groups where you can obtain additional information about the illness.

MediFocus Guides are the perfect solution for consumers who wish to gain an in-depth understanding of their medical issue and avail themselves of the same type of professional level medical information that is used by physicians and other health-care professionals to help then in the clinical decision making process.
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